For any transportation company it is highly necessary to constantly monitor its transportation fleet. Negligence may lead to increase in transportation costs including fuel consumption, vehicle maintenance, and delivery delays. Installing a good fleet management system can help you eradicate such losses and drive your transportation business positively. Fleet management software easily keeps track of, manages, and maintains your transportation fleet. Fleet management is a combination of powerful technologies like the GPS (Global Positioning System), two-way wireless communications, an on-board processing, communications unit, and a hosted web application that demonstrates mapping and vehicle telematics data to the end user. The GPS tracking system helps the transportation companies in locating their vehicles and monitoring their speed and direction.

When companies try to install such fleet management software in limited budgets they tend to incorporate just specific features and functionalities of it. In fact the transportation companies should not hesitate in spending some extra money over getting a comprehensive solution as in the longer run this fleet management system will benefit them by saving a lot of transportation and vehicle maintenance costs hence increasing profitability multiple times. Overall the initial installation costs are always negated by superb cost savings through using a vehicle tracking system.

Some of the impactful advantages of a Fleet Management System are:

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If history has taught inventors anything, its that their products are ultimately much more useful if they’re available on the go. That’s why so many different products throughout history have been adapted to be portable, because people want to be able to use everything all the time wherever they are. That’s the main reason that wireless 4G internet service is becoming so popular these days.

Think about nearly any product you own, and you’ll likely be able to think of another product that is just like it but is portable. Nearly every product has an on-the-go equivalent, which isn’t necessarily cheaper than a much more restrictive product, but it is more useful on the whole. For example, people originally invented various containers to hold liquids in, and many of the early inventions were rather bulky. Yet over time, containers have evolved into portable bottles and to-go cups, which are meant to be used in nearly any environment. The same is true when you think about music. One of the first music playing devices was the record player, which was replaced by the radio, then by the 8-track tape, then by the cassette tape, then by the CD and finally by the mp3 player. As the product has evolved over time, it has always become smaller and easier to use from nearly any location. That’s because people love for their products to be flexible and want to be able to use them all the time. Wireless internet is a fairly recent invention, which has really helped make many things much more convenient for people in their everyday lives as well.

On the whole, the internet just makes people’s lives easier because they have access to all kinds of information that they never had before. With greater access to everything, people are able to take advantage of so many things they simply would have been aware of before, and the world becomes a much more democratic place. That’s why having access to the internet nearly everywhere is such a great idea. Wireless internet has grown immensely ever since its creation because people have really recognized just how important it is. When you have to go home just to log onto a computer and then get the information you needed 30 minutes ago or an hour ago, precious time and energy are wasted on a process that isn’t necessary. Instead, if you had access to the internet as soon as you needed it, wherever you were, all the time, you’d be a much more productive person than those who do not.


The construction industry is an area that is full of potential risks and therefore a thorough risk assessment is essential for any project. The construction industry is one that has the potential for a wide range of health and safety issues to rear their head, and carrying out a risk assessment is one way to ensure that the chance of any incidents occurring is as small as possible, protecting everyone involved with the project.

Risk assessments not only involve identifying potential risks of a construction project but also weighting these against numerous other factors, including contractual obligations, financial constraints and the requirements of the proposed projects. It is important to consider the health and safety risks of a construction project in conjunction with these other factors and not as singular problems that are not affected by other aspects of the construction project, doing this could mean leaving yourself open to other risks you may not have initially considered or prepared for.

There are numerous qualified health and safety consultants that can be employed to carry out professional and thorough health, safety and risk assessments and have experience in a wide range of settings, including within the construction industry. Having an expert carry out a risk assessment on any construction project is imperative, especially as construction is often considered a high risk area, and these risk assessments can highlight issues that you may not have even considered could be a risk or potential problem, allowing you to prepare for potential problems and minimise the chance of them occurring.


One key criticism with PMBOK is it indirectly provides an image of the project manager as a superman/superwoman. This may be the case for construction projects (PMBOKs origins is in the construction industry) but for business type projects such as projects with IT based solutions our experience is that the functional and/or financial authority to make key decisions is actually with senior management and not the project manager.

Project managers also need advice and guidance from senior management and it is them that are best placed to make the key decisions. In PRINCE2 the responsibility for the project is with senior management both customer and supplier. But this does not mean that Senior Management need to get involved in a project on a day to day basis, as PRINCE2 makes use of management by exception tools.

One key criticism of PRINCE2 is that it misses the importance of the soft skills needed by a project manager and is light in the knowledge areas such as scope management & contract management and others which PMBOK provides guidance on.


In 2009, the global anti-hypertensive market was estimated to be worth $27.2 billion, representing a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 5.0% between 2002 and 2009. The market is forecast to reach $30 billion by 2016, indicating a CAGR of 1.5% between 2009 and 2016. The primary reason for slight and gradual growth in the market is the patent expiries of major blockbusters, which are expected to decrease the annual cost of therapy after 2007.

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The global anti-hypertensive market is expected to witness a series of patent expiries between 2007 and 2015, which includes most of the top selling blockbuster drugs in the anti-hypertensive market. The major drugs that are set to lose patent protection include Novartiss Diovan (2012), Sanofi Aventiss Avapro (2012), Novartiss Exforge (2012), Takeda/AstraZenecas Blopress/Atacand (2012), Pfizers Revatio (2012), Actelions Tracleer (2015), and United Therapeutics Remodulin (2014). All these drugs together accounted for more than $19.4 billion in revenues in 2009. Mercks Cozaar patent expired in April 2010. The sales of Cozaar for the year 2009 were $3.6 billion. Pfizers Norvasc, which was once the worlds most prescribed drug for hypertension and angina, saw a sales decline of 12% in 2009 due to genericization in 2007. Thus, the series of upcoming patent expiries in the hypertension as well as PAH markets are set to lead to a decline in the market in the near future. However, due to increased usage of fixed dose-combinations and the entry of generics, the market is expected to rise slightly after 2015.


It used to be that the global marketplace was off limits to small businesses due to the fact that it was too expensive to reasonably expect to be able to do business. The costs of phone calls alone were high enough to scare most businesses away from competing in the global market, but now the internet has helped open up the business frontier to many small companies and inventions such as business VoIP that allow for internet business telephone systems make it easy to conduct business without spending a fortune.

If you fancy entering the global market and making your investment worthwhile you may want to think about investing in business VoIP, because this type of business telephone system can help you make sure that you do not spend more than you make while conducting overseas business.

Due to the fact that cloud VoIP allows you to make phone calls over the internet instead of through the telephone lines you get charged a very low flat rate for most international calls making the costs of business very low in these countries. Given the fact you can also use the internet for business transactions, there are now almost no associated costs with oversea business.


The most popular pens found today are ballpoint pens. They are named as such because the writing portion of the pen where the oil based ink passes through is a little ball made of metal. Along with very affordable price points, these pens are huge favorites because their ink dries almost immediately. These are the types of pens that many companies customize for promotional purposes. Also, youll tend to see ballpoint ink pens as a commemorative gift at special occasions such as reunions and weddings. A particularly popular and versatile ballpoint pen is the St. James Avenue pen which offers extremely stylish looks, top quality construction and long lasting ink at a very affordable price.

Rollerball pens are quite similar to ballpoint pens in that they dispense the pens ink through a ball made of metal. Different from oil-based ink found in ballpoint pens, rollerball pens are gel-like and are water-based. Due to this type of ink, the rollerball has the advantage over the ballpoint of smoother and more fluid writing capabilities. Youll also hear rollerball pens referred to as gel pens. Gel pens sometimes offer a greater selection of ink colors including metallic or glitter inks. One of the most popular gel pens is the BIC Velocity which is available in over a dozen body colors and two ink colors.

A third type of pen that was most popular in earlier part of the twentieth century is the fountain pen. The fountain pen has a sharply edged point called a nib for delivering a water based ink. There are 2 different types of nibs: the broad nib which is older and requires the writer to hold the pen at a constant angle; and the pointed nib which has such a sharp edge that the writer needs to be careful not to tear through the paper with too much force. Fountain pens are filled through ink reservoirs many of which are disposable. Fountain pens are often the tool of choice for calligraphists.